Disc herniation or slipped disc is the displacement of the intervetebral disc material over the normal disc area. The displacement component may contain nucleus pulposus, cartilage, osteophyte and vertebral end-plate. The two common types of herniation are extrusion and intrusion. The difference between these two types of herniation is based on the size of the neck versus that of the dome of herniation.
Disc herniation occurs when all or a part of the disc is pushed through a weak part of the disc. The resulting effect is pressure on the spinal cord and nearby nerves. In severe cases, where the disk moves out of place or raptures from injury, pressure may permeate through the spinal nerves. This can lead to severe pain. Slipped disc occurs more frequently in older and middle-age men. Pain typically starts on the lower point before it gets worse.
Test and Treatment
If you experience any symptoms of Herniation disc, it is critical that you visit a physician before the problem becomes worse. The physician will perform a careful physical exam. The areas of examination include the arms, neck, hips, shoulder and feet. The physician will also check for signs of numbness, muscle reflexes, strength and posture. Common diagnostic tests for herniated disc include:
• Spine MRI
• Electromyography (EMG)
• Spine x-ray
It is also important to recognize that not all people who suffer herniated disk must undergo surgery. ProMedX Sports Injury and Wellness Center helps in treating herniated disc and conditions such as sports and work injuries, arthritis and heel spurs in Thornhill Ontario. You can us now at (905) 882-7688.